The Career Clusters on a farm

The Career Clusters on a farm
In this Workplace Spotlight, we’ll take you through the roles, responsibilities, and Career Clusters you can expect to find on a farm.

Share This Post

Farms are places where workers cultivate and produce various agricultural products to meet the needs of a community or society at large. They play a crucial role in providing food, fibre, and other essential resources necessary for human sustenance and economic development. They serve as the backbone of the agricultural industry, where crops are grown, livestock is raised, and natural resources are utilised to generate a wide range of products.

All farms are different of course, but they do tend to have some things in common:

  1. A love of the outdoors – no matter your role, you will probably be doing a lot of work outside.
  2. Safety is key – you’ll be working with machinery, chemicals, and animals, so being safe is very important.
  3. You’ll need to be tough – some of the work can be hard, but you’ll also reap great rewards.

Key Outcome

Produce agricultural goods

The key outcome of a farm is to sustainably produce agricultural goods to meet the needs of society.

Key Tasks

  • Plant and harvest crops
  • Feed and care for livestock
  • Irrigate fields and manage water resources
  • Repair and maintain farm equipment
  • Monitor and control pests and diseases
  • Manage soil fertility and crop rotation
  • Market and sell agricultural products
  • Operate and maintain farm infrastructure and buildings
  • Conduct regular inspections and record-keeping
  • Implement and practice farm safety protocols


You can find farms in the agriculture, forestry, and fishing industry

Farms are generally found in the agriculture, forestry, and fishing industry. Different types of farms include crop farms, livestock farms, dairy farms, orchards, horticultural farms, and organic farms, just to name a few.

Work Environment

You can expect regular hours and on-site work

Regular hours  |  Work on-site  |  Jobs more common in regional and rural areas  |  Strong job growth

Much of the work on a farm starts early in the morning, and can carry on throughout the day and even into the night. How long you work will depend on your exact role and the type of farm you work on.

Most farm work needs to be done hands-on, so there is limited opportunity for remote work – but there is some opportunity in roles in admin, management, and even sales.

Farms are typically more common in rural areas rather than metropolitan areas. Rural areas provide larger land areas and a more favourable environment for agricultural activities due to the availability of open space, fertile soil, and proximity to natural resources like water. But some smaller-scale farming operations or urban agriculture initiatives might exist in metro areas.

The Career Clusters you’ll find on a farm

People from all Clusters are needed for a farm to operate successfully, and there are a variety of roles for workers in any Cluster. In many roles, you might find yourself performing tasks across multiple Clusters.


Makers are the backbones of a farm, performing much of the physical work. They might operate a variety of machinery and tools, harvest crops and produce, feed and care for livestock, perform maintenance on infrastructure and machinery, and oversee other general farm duties (including pest and disease control and irrigation).

  • Farmers/Farmhands
  • Maintenance Technicians/Mechanics
  • Machine Operators

Linkers help to connect a farm’s produce with the public and vendors. They might work with wholesalers to organise supply deals, or sell products directly to people through stalls or on the farm itself. If the farm has a bed and breakfast, café, or shop on site, a Linker might help promote these services as well.

  • Salespeople/Sales Representatives
  • Social Media Managers

Coordinators help to manage the logistics of a farm, including ordering, managing, and storing stock and items to keep the farm running, managing budgets and other workers, and keeping thorough records. They also help implement productivity strategies to help optimise production on a farm.

  • Logistics Managers
  • Operations Managers
  • Accounts Managers

Informers use their agricultural knowledge to advise farm workers on best practices, helping them to increase efficiency and sustainability. They might advise on livestock management, pest control, sustainability practices, and even the latest on agricultural technology. Other Informers might help to educate the public and new workers about how a farm works and the benefits they bring to the wider community.

  • Agronomists
  • Farm Educators

Innovators on farms help to develop and implement new solutions and technologies that enhance farming practices. They might use new technologies such as smart sensors, drones, farm management software, and data analytics tools to increase yield and efficiency. Some Innovators even use their expertise to alter plant genetics to develop improved crop varieties, making them more resistant to disease and more nutritious.

  • Agricultural Engineers
  • Crop Geneticists
  • Agritech Developers

Guardians help ensure that farms are safe places to work, identifying hazards and training workers on the safe operation of machinery and vehicles. They also need people to look after the health of any animals on the farm. Some farms also have security personnel and systems to protect valuable equipment and produce.

  • Workplace Health and Safety Officers
  • Veterinarians
  • Security Officers

How do we expect working on a farm to change in the future?

Working on a farm is likely to undergo significant changes in the future due to various factors. Farms will increasingly adopt advanced technologies such as precision agriculture, robotics, drones, and automation for tasks like planting, harvesting, monitoring, and data analysis, leading to increased efficiency and productivity.

There will also be a greater emphasis on sustainable farming practices, including organic farming, regenerative agriculture, and agroecology, to minimise environmental impact, conserve resources, and enhance soil health.

Farms will need to adapt to changing climate patterns, such as extreme weather events and shifting growing seasons, by implementing climate-resilient farming techniques and utilising climate modelling tools.

Advancements in genetic engineering and biotechnology may lead to the development of crops and livestock with improved traits, disease resistance, and higher yields, impacting farm practices and productivity.

And of course, increasing consumer demand for organic, locally sourced, and sustainably produced products will drive changes in farm practices, diversification of crops, and the emergence of niche markets.